Genetic studies say it could be one of the first breeds at evolve directly from the Asian Wolf. The Peking is one of the oldest in East Asia. They have Korean descriptions of 4000 years ago that already mentions them, it is believed that it would evolve from Asian wolves. For centuries lived only in the imperial city China, where they had a special protocol, in which a lack to them could be punished with death. The Hound or Afghan Greyhound has at least some 2000 years of existence, in the area of the current Afghanistan.
The Tibetan Terrier, also has some 2000 years old, at least. In Tibet began to separate the dogs big and small, and thus came to have these small dogs called Tibetan Apso or Tibetan Terrier. One can say that they are of the oldest company dogs. The Lhasa Apso is another ancient breed of Tibet, long hair, which is supposed that already existed for the 800 year before Christ, and probably much earlier. Reportedly it was created small so he could warn the Tibetan mastiffs in the presence of strangers, also are good luck.
The Shar Pei is another Chinese breed, which are news at least since the year 206 C. Symbol of the dynasty have. It is believed that it could have originated in the Tibetan mastiffs or Chow Chow, but genetic studies have placed it among the oldest breeds. The Shih Tzu are an ancient Chinese race, it is believed that about 3000 years old. Its origin would be from the Tibetan Lhasa Apso. It was for centuries the Chinese empresses companion dog. The Akita or Akita Inu (not American Akita that is newer), are originally from Japan. It is the most ancient race of Japan, has references on them since the early days of written history. The Shiba Inu is a Japanese small breed, are over 2000 years old. Since 1936 it is a national monument of Japan. It is similar to the Akita, but smaller. The Alaska Malamute are the oldest sled dogs, is native to the Arctic, raised by the Eskimos. They are famous for its beauty and its strength, often confused with the Siberian Husky. The Siberian Husky or Siberian Husky are very similar to the previous ones, but they are also originating in Siberia, very similar to wolves. Also very old, a direct descendant of the first shot, at the same time dogs descendants of wolves. The Samoyed are all white, precious, just used by the Russian people for samoyeds as dogs pastors since time immemorial.