Scientific Administration

In century XVII, Discardings all deny the knowledge received and salient the power from the reason to decide any species of problem. It is the substitution of the Traditional one for the Rational. No longer century XVIII, the Rationalism reaches its apogee, to be, in the applied following century to natural sciences and finally to social sciences. A field, however not yet had been affected for the rationalization. This field was the work.

The advent of the machines becomes the work evidently more efficient, however it still did not have provoked the rationalization of the organization and execution of the work. At the beginning of century XX, the pioneers of the rationalization of the work appear and, as in many aspects its ideas they were similar, they had been known as of the School of Scientific Administration or Classic School founding. Since in this beginning of century the companies were managed in total empirical way, for attempts or tradition. The administration principles had been developed as fruit of numerous comments research and experiences in the companies (only correct way). From these results, Taylor (father of the Scientific Administration), Fayol and other administrators and consultants had exactly induced generalizations that had considered valid in any circumstance, because they seemed in agreement the reason.

It does not lack to this body of principles the general matrix of a scientific theory; of homo economicus, of the only profit as objective of the company. The process to standardize is to organize better to control and consequently to manage and to reach goals. The standardization aims at to uniformizar so great, type, quality, dimension and performance, being imposed its obligatoriness all the times that do not come to wound rights, becoming possible the interchangeability of the contracting parties of one all, without, however, to harm the unit of the set. Some benefits of the standardization: Increase of the production; Lesser cost of the production; Improvement of the quality; Satisfaction of the customers and To control processes.